The following hints for the Union Public Service Commission Mains General Studies Paper 1 examination, 2016 can be utilized by the aspirants and appeared candidates for various purposes. Appeared candidates of the UPSC Mains 2016 can use these hints to get an outline of the required answers and compare it with what they have written during the examination. Other aspirants of the Union Public Service Commission examination can use this as a learning aid for practice and analysis of this year’s papers.
The hints have been prepared to keep in mind the Union Public Service Commission Mains examination’s specified word limits and examination expected standards. This is not an exhaustive attempt. There could be many more points and details which can be added for a proper explanation. However, we have decided to write exactly as per exam conditions and time limits. We hope this contributes to your understanding and preparation of the Union Public Service Commission Mains examination.
Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Exam
Subject: Paper-II: General Studies – I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)
Time Allowed: 3 Hours
Total Marks : 12½×20 = 250
Instructions: Answer the following questions in not more than 200 words each. Contents of the answers are more important than their length. All questions carry equal marks.
Q1. Early Buddhist Stupa-art, while depicting folk motifs and narratives successfully expounds Buddhist ideals. Elucidate.
Q2. Krishnadeva Raya, the King of Vijayanagar, was not only an accomplished scholar himself but was also a great patron of learning and literature. Discuss.
Q3. Explain how the Uprising of 1857 constitutes an important watershed in the evolution of British policies towards colonial India.
Q4. Discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase.
Q5. Highlight the differences in the approach of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi in the struggle for freedom.
Q6. Has the formation of linguistic States strengthened the cause of Indian Unity?
Q7. The anti-colonial struggles in West Africa were led by the new elite of Western-educated Africans. Examine.
Q8. To what extent globalization has influenced the core of cultural diversity in India? Explain.
Q9. “An essential condition to eradicate poverty is to liberate the poor from the process of deprivation.” Substantiate this statement with suitable examples.
Q10. Why are the tribals in India referred to as the Scheduled Tribes? Indicate the major provisions enshrined in the Constitution of India for their upliftment.
Q11. With a brief background of quality of urban life in India, introduce the objectives and strategy of the ‘Smart City Programme’.
Q12. What is the basis of regionalism? Is it that unequal distribution of benefits of development on regional basis eventually promotes regionalism? Substantiate your answer.
Q13. Discuss the concept of air mass and explain its role in macro-climatic changes.
Q14. “The Himalayas are highly prone to landslides.” Discuss the causes and suggest suitable measures of mitigation.
Q15. The effective management of land and water resources will drastically reduce the human miseries. Explain
Q16. South China Sea has assumed great geopolitical significance in the present context. Comment.
Q17. Major cities of India are becoming more vulnerable to flood conditions. Discuss.
Q18. Present an account of the Indus Water Treaty and examine its ecological, economic and political implications in the context of changing bilateral relations.
Q19. Enumerate the problems and prospects of inland water transport in India.
Q20. In what way micro-watershed Development projects help in water conservation in drought prone and semi-arid regions of India?
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