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AGM-88 HARM, the new anti-radar missile

  • Published
    10th Aug, 2022
Context

US has supplied some “anti-radiation missiles” to Ukraine, which could be fired from some Ukrainian Air Force aircraft.

About

AGM-88 HARM missile:

  • The acronym 'HARM' in the AGM-88 HARM air-to-surface missile stands for High-Speed Anti-Radiation Missile.
  • It is a tactical weapon fired from fighter aircraft, and has the capability to detect and home into radiation emitted by hostile radar stations that have surface-to-air detection capabilities.
  • The missile was originally developed by the Dallas-headquartered Texas Instruments, but is now produced by the major American defence contractor Raytheon Corporation.
  • An advanced version of the weapon is manufactured by Dulles, Virginia-based Northrop Grumman.
  • The AGM-88 HARM is 14 metres in length, but only 10 inches in diameter.
  • It weighs around 360 kg and carries a fragmentation type warhead that is optimised for radar targets.
  • It also has an anti-radar homing seeker broadband RF antenna and receiver, and a solid state digital processor.
  • The missile has a range of more than 100 km.
  • The AGM-88 can detect, attack and destroy a target with minimum aircrew input.
  • The proportional guidance system that hones in on enemy radar emissions has a fixed antenna and seeker head in the missile nose.
  • A smokeless, solid-propellant, dual-thrust rocket motor propels the missile. 

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