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9th February 2024 (11 Topics)

Charting a path for the population committee


The announcement in the interim Budget of a “high-powered committee to extensively consider the challenges arising from rapid population growth and demographic changes” is ground-breaking”.

Challenges and Strategies for Population Management:

  • Multifaceted Mandate: Given its multifaceted mandate-to make “recommendations on how to address these challenges in line with the goal of ‘Viksit Bharat’”, there will be a formulation of policies and strategies to manage population growth.
  • Interdisciplinary Approach: This will include addressing issues such as family planning, maternal and child health, education, employment, and socio-economic development. To do so, this population committee must adopt an interdisciplinary approach.
  • Effective research: Through rigorous research, data analysis, and a monitoring of demographic trends, the committee should identify emerging issues and evaluate the effectiveness of existing interventions. The population committee should also facilitate international collaboration and the exchange of best practices in population management.

Past, Present, and Future Demographic Trends:

  • Shift: India's demographic landscape has undergone significant shifts, with declining fertility rates and an increasing working-age population.
  • Decreasing dependency ratio: Projections indicate India's population reaching 1.46 billion by 2030, with a demographic dividend characterized by a decreasing dependency ratio.
  • Impact on future landscape: Opportunities and challenges presented by demographic changes will significantly impact India's future economic and demographic landscape.

Health, Education, Employment Challenges and Evidence-based Decision Making:

  • Key-challenge: Ensuring access to quality health care and education remains a key challenge in India's demographic landscape.
  • Investment: Investments in health infrastructure, primary health care, nutrition programs, and education are crucial to address demographic challenges.
  • Evidence-based policymaking: Enhancing data collection methodologies, technology adoption, and collaboration with stakeholders are essential for evidence-based policymaking.

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