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10th September 2022 (6 Topics)

India, China to complete disengagement at PP15 in Gogra-Hot Springs

Context

Indian and Chinese troops have now declared to complete the disengagement process from patrolling point-15 (PP15) at the Gogra-Hot Springs area in eastern Ladakh near LAC by this month.

About

  • The sixteenth round of talks between the Commanders of India and China was held at Chushul Moldo Meeting Point on 17 July, 2022.
  • Since then, the two sides had maintained regular contact to build on the progress to resolve the relevant issues along the LAC.
  • Both sides have now agreed on disengagement in the area of Gogra-Hot Springs (PP-15) and the disengagement process in this area has been started.

India-China Conflict near LAC

  • China claims about 90,000 sq. km of India’s territory in the northeast, including Arunachal, while India says 38,000 sq km of land in China-occupied Aksai Chin should be a part of Ladakh.
  • There are several disputed areas along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), including in Himachal, Uttarakhand and Sikkim.
  • Patrolling Point 15 (PP15) in Hot Springs and PP17A near Gogra Post were among the four friction points between India and China.
  • The other two being PP14 in Galwan Valley and the north bank of Pangong Tso.

  • In Ladakh, the disputed areas include:
  • Pangong Tso lake
  • Galwan Valley, where Shyok and Galwan rivers meet
  • Daulat Beg Oldi (DBO), a key northern region close to the Karakoram Pass.
  • The Hot Springs-Gogra area of the LAC
  • Demchok which is close to the southernmost part of the LAC in Ladakh.
  • Chushul, located on the southern bank of Pangong Tso Lake, has an airstrip and is near Rezang La pass on the LAC.
  • Spanggur Gap along the LAC has roads leading to it from either side. India’s Chushul-Demchok road in the area is a critical communication link.
  • Samar Lungpa
  • Trig Heights
  • Chumar
  • Dumchele
  • Kongka La

Other Regional conflicts with China


Significance of the Disengagement

  • The regions, PP15 and PP17A, are located in an area where India and China largely agree on the LAC alignment.
  • The disengagement in the Hotsprings-Gogra region will de-escalate the border tension.
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