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3rd November 2023 (10 Topics)

India signed first international declaration to address risks of AI

Context:

India, along with countries like the United Kingdom, United States, Australia and China, agreed to work to manage the risk that artificial intelligence poses, at a AI summit, Bletchley Park, London.

About ‘Bletchley Park ‘Declaration:

  • The Declaration is the first International Declaration to manage AI’s safe development.
  • India was among the 28 countries that signed Bletchley Declaration on the first day of the AI Safety Summit hosted by the UK government
    • Countries have agreed to work together on AI safety research.
  • The Bletchley Park Declaration defines "Frontier AI" as advanced foundational generative AI models that could pose serious risks to public safety.
  • It highlights the potential for significant harm, intentional or unintentional, from these AI models and emphasizes the need for international cooperation to address these risks.
  • Future AI safety summits-
    • South Korea co-hosting a virtual summit and
    • France set to host an in-person summit

Global Variance in AI Regulation

  • Various nations have responded differently to the emergence of generative AI tools.
    • The EU has proposed a stringent AI Act based on the AI's usage and associated risks.
    • The UK opts for a more lenient, innovation-friendly approach.
    • The US, through an executive order, is navigating toward defining a regulatory framework for AI, building on the Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights.
    • China has also introduced its own measures for AI regulation.

President Biden's Executive Order:

  • Following the Bletchley Park Declaration, US President Joe Biden issued an executive order aiming to regulate AI technology and safeguard against potential threats.
  • The order requires AI companies to share the results of safety tests before releasing new AI capabilities.
    • It empowers the federal government to intervene, adjust, or halt products if they're deemed unsafe.
    • The order also introduces the use of watermarks to flag AI-generated content like deepfakes, establishing industry guidelines that government agencies are obliged to implement.

India's Evolving AI Stance:

  • India has notably shifted its stance on AI regulation.
    • India’s leadership emphasizes the importance of addressing potential downsides of AI while leveraging its opportunities.
    • India now seems focused on formulating a "risk-based, user-harm" regulatory approach, setting up a domestic statutory authority to regulate AI, and advocating for global AI responsibility.
    • This summit reflected a global consensus on the need for responsible and safe AI, leading to policy moves and executive actions aimed at ensuring safety, security, and trust in AI technologies across nations.

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