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3rd November 2023 (10 Topics)

Biosphere reserves are evolving as pockets of hope


Recently, on the second anniversary of World Biosphere Reserve Day, it is important to reflect on the progress made in conserving and sustainably using these vital ecosystems.

Significance of Biosphere Reserves

  • Reserves' Multifaceted Role: UNESCO Biosphere Reserves, like Principe Biosphere Reserve, combat single-use plastic pollution while safeguarding biodiversity and climate resilience.
  • World Biosphere Reserve Day: It highlights their conservation and sustainable use, featuring core, buffer, and transition zones.
  • Act as Climate and Biodiversity Guardians: Biosphere Reserves play a pivotal role in preserving unique ecosystems and endangered species, serving as carbon sinks to combat climate change.

Conservation Efforts

  • Empowering Communities in Sundarban: Sundarban Biosphere Reserve in India showcases local community-led mangrove forest management and biodiversity protection initiatives.
  • Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve: engages communities, including women and youth, in conservation and eco-tourism efforts.
  • The Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve Trust employs 'plastic checkpoints' to collect and recycle waste for road construction.


  • Threats associated: Biosphere Reserves face threats like deforestation and invasive species due to human exploitation and urbanization.
  • Innovative Measures: The UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme combines natural and social sciences to foster sustainable environmental practices.
  • Way forward: The 10th South and Central Asian Biosphere Reserve Network Meeting (SACAM) in Chennai emphasize knowledge exchange for sustainable practices.
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