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18th May 2022 (8 Topics)

Kundapur rolls out clean beach for Olive Ridleys

Context

Two groups in Kundapur cleaned its best beach of trash and also initiated efforts to monitor turtle movements in the area.

About

  •  Kundapur, a town in coastal Karnataka’s Udupi district.
  •   The stretch from Kodi to Beejadi is one of the few places on India’s west coast that hosts Olive Ridleys during their nesting season from November to April.
  •   The animals also visit sites on the east coast, such as Nagapattinam in Tamil Nadu and the Gahiramatha and Rushikulya rookeries in Odisha’s Kendrapara and Ganjam districts.
  •   The turtles did not visit Kundapur between 2015 and 2021, when the entire Kodi-Beejadi beach was clogged with waste.
    • Two local groups, the ‘Clean Kundapur Project’ and the Field Services and Inter-cultural Learning (FSL), along with the local forest department, began efforts to clean the beach.

About Olive Ridley Turtles:

  • They are the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world.
  • Major nesting sites in India:Rushikulya rookery coast (Odisha), Gahirmatha beach (Bhitarkanika National park) and mouth of the Debi River.
  • Scientific name: Lepidochelys olivacea; also known as the Pacific ridley sea turtle.
  • Presence: Found in warm waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans.
  • Conservation Status
  • IUCN Red List: Vulnerable
  • Schedule I of Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
  • CITES Appendix I 
  • Features:
  • Known for their unique mass nesting called Arribada, where thousands of females come together on the same beach to lay eggs. 
  • These are carnivores and feed mainly on jellyfish, shrimp
  • The eggs hatch in 45 to 60 days, depending on the temperature of the sand and atmosphere during the incubation period.

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