Living Planet Report is WWF’s flagship publication. It is released every two years.
Objective: It is a comprehensive study of trends in global biodiversity and the health of the planet. It tracks changes in the relative abundance of wild species populations across the globe.
Changes from the last Report:
The Living Planet Index (LPI) is continually changing with 838 new species. 11,011 new populations were added to the dataset. Since the 2020 LPR was released.
The Living Planet Index (LPI) is a measure of the state of the world's biological diversity based on population trends of vertebrate species from terrestrial, freshwater, and marine habitats. The LPI was adopted by the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) as an indicator of progress toward its 2011-2020 targets.
There has been a significant increase in the number of fish species (481). That has been added to the Living Planet Report.
About 50% of warm water corals have already been lost. Warming of 1.5 degrees Celsius will lead to a loss of 70-90% of warm water corals.
The Bramble Cay melomys, a small Australian rodent, was declared extinct after the sea-level rise.
The global abundance of 18 of 31 oceanic sharks has declined by 71% over the last 50 years. The report said that by 2020 three-quarters of sharks and rays were threatened with extinction.
Only 37% of rivers longer than 1,000km remain free-flowing over their entire length.
41% of land-use change is the biggest current threat to nature.
The report says action is needed to reverse biodiversity loss by 2030 and keep global warming to 1.5ºC.
By moving to sustainable, healthy, and culturally appropriate diets. We can reduce agricultural land useby 41% and wildlife loss by up to 46%.
Report highlights for India:
Vulnerability of Biospheres: The Himalayan region and the Western Ghats are some of the most vulnerable regions in the country in terms of biodiversity loss. Where increased biodiversity loss is expected in the future if temperatures are to increase.
Indicators of Ecosystem health are in Danger: India has seen a decline in the population of the likes of honeybees. 17 species of freshwater turtles in this period.
Habitat loss and barriers to migration routes
Land-use change is still the biggest current threat to nature
Human-induced climate change and biodiversity losses
Agriculture is the most prevalent threat to amphibians
WWF identified six key threats to biodiversity: agriculture, hunting, logging, pollution, invasive species, and climate change to highlight ‘threat hotspots' for terrestrial vertebrates.
Climate change in India will impact key areas, such as water resources, agriculture, natural ecosystems, health, and the food chain.