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14th October 2022 (10 Topics)

The democratization of India, the Mandal way

Context:

A socio-political movement known as “Mandal” has silently left urban Anglicized élite on the margin of the Indian political landscape and brought power to the underprivileged.

On Social Justice:

  • Concrete Steps: Early social reformers had done their bit to bring social justice to Indian society but concrete steps were taken by B.R. Ambedkar in terms of policy prescriptions.
  • Caste-class dichotomy: Constituent assembly had envisioned the backward classes as backward communities. But Mandal's report dilutes the demarcation between social class and caste.
  • Mandal Movement: It led to the 27% reservation for OBC in central services in 1990. Mandal effect continued via the 73rd and 74th movements by extending benefits to SC, ST, and OBCs.
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