Unjust and unwise
The recent counterinsurgency in Jammu and Kashmir must not target civilians indiscriminately and it leads to violation of fundamental Rights of residents.
Challenges in Jammu and Kashmir's Counter-Insurgency
- Civilian Casualties in Counter-Insurgency: In the Pir Panjal Valley, clashes between security forces and militants resulted in civilian casualties.
- Effects: The death of civilians and allegations of torture by security forces following an ambush on an Army convoy raised concerns.
- Impact on Unpopularity of the Regime: Security forces' actions targeting civilians in response to militant attacks risk increasing dissatisfaction.
Dilemma with local Governance
- Recent actions: In a region without recent democratic elections, such incidents further undermine the regime's popularity, impacting counter-insurgency efforts negatively.
- Militant Strategy and Legitimacy of Force: Militants aim to provoke security forces into rights violations against civilians to gain support.
- Neglecting state actions: Indiscriminate violence erodes the legitimacy of state actions, fostering discontent. Recent events indicate a flawed security-centric approach in J&K.
Concerns on Rights Violations and Public Outrage
- Provoking Militancy through Rights Violations: Militants exploit security forces' rights violations to fuel grievances and increase support. Incidents like the alleged torture of civilians play into militants' hands, escalating tensions in the region.
- State's Responsibility and Accountability: J&K police filed a murder case, and the Army removed officers pending an inquiry.
- Effectiveness of Security-Centric Approach: The Union government's security-centric approach in J&K faces criticism due to recurring rights violations.