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Unjust and unwise

  • Published
    28th Dec, 2023

Context:

The recent counterinsurgency in Jammu and Kashmir must not target civilians indiscriminately and it leads to violation of fundamental Rights of residents.

Challenges in Jammu and Kashmir's Counter-Insurgency

  • Civilian Casualties in Counter-Insurgency: In the Pir Panjal Valley, clashes between security forces and militants resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Effects: The death of civilians and allegations of torture by security forces following an ambush on an Army convoy raised concerns.
  • Impact on Unpopularity of the Regime: Security forces' actions targeting civilians in response to militant attacks risk increasing dissatisfaction.

Dilemma with local Governance

  • Recent actions: In a region without recent democratic elections, such incidents further undermine the regime's popularity, impacting counter-insurgency efforts negatively.
  • Militant Strategy and Legitimacy of Force: Militants aim to provoke security forces into rights violations against civilians to gain support.
  • Neglecting state actions: Indiscriminate violence erodes the legitimacy of state actions, fostering discontent. Recent events indicate a flawed security-centric approach in J&K.

Concerns on Rights Violations and Public Outrage

  • Provoking Militancy through Rights Violations: Militants exploit security forces' rights violations to fuel grievances and increase support. Incidents like the alleged torture of civilians play into militants' hands, escalating tensions in the region.
  • State's Responsibility and Accountability: J&K police filed a murder case, and the Army removed officers pending an inquiry.
  • Effectiveness of Security-Centric Approach: The Union government's security-centric approach in J&K faces criticism due to recurring rights violations.
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