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U.N.’s Climate Ambition Summit (CAS)

  • Published
    22nd Sep, 2023

The Climate Ambition Summit (CAS) has been conducted at the United Nations General Assembly which China, United States and India failed to participate.

About the Summit:
  • Participants: Representatives from 34 states and 7 institutions were participated on the summit.
    • Countries including Sri Lanka, Nepal and Pakistan were among the listed speakers and emerging economies such as South Africa and Brazil were also on the list.
    • The European Union, Germany, France and Canada were also participated.
  • The criteria for countries to be considered for a speaking slot at the summit were:
    • They would be expected to present updated pre-2030 Nationally Determined Contributions (as agreed in Glasgow);
    • Updated net-zero targets;
    • Energy transition plans with commitments to no new coal, oil and gas;
    • Fossil fuel phase-out plans;
    • More ambitious renewable energy targets;
    • Green Climate Fund pledges; and economy-wide plans on adaptation and resilience.
  • All the “main emitters” and notably all G-20 governments would be asked to commit to presenting, by 2025, more ambitious economy-wide Nationally Determined Contributions featuring absolute emissions cuts and covering all gases.

India’s commitments:

  • India last updated its climate pledges in 2022 of reducing emissions intensity — or the volume of emissions per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) — by 45% from 2005 levels by 2030, a 10% increase from what it agreed to in 2015.
  • The government committed to meet 50% of its electric power needs from renewable, non-fossil fuel energy sources — up from 40% committed at the Paris agreement.
  • It assured to create an additional carbon sink of 5 to 3bn tonnes of CO2-equivalent [GtCO2e] through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
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