Extended Producer Responsibility

E-waste means waste electrical and electronic equipments, whole or in part that are not fit for their original intended use and are destined for refurbishment, dismantling, recycling or disposal; it also includes scrap rejects from the manufacturing process of electrical and electronic equipments.

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has notified the E-Waste Management Rules, 2016 in supersession of the e-waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2011.

It has initiated the process of Extended Producer Responsibility.

EPR is a strategy to place a shared responsibility for end-of-life product management on the producers, and all entities involved in the product chain, instead of the general public; while encouraging product design changes that minimize a negative impact on human health and the environment at every stage of the product's lifecycle. This allows the costs of treatment and disposal to be incorporated into the total cost of a product. It places primary responsibility on the producer, or brand owner, who makes design and marketing decisions. It also creates a setting for markets to emerge that truly reflect the environmental impacts of a product, and to which producers and consumers respond.

As 'producer’ functions are:

• Collection and channelization of e-waste generated in manufacture and 'end of life' of the product.
• Establishment of collection centers and take-back system collectively or individually, for end of life equipment.
• Providing financing for registered re-cyclers and setting up a system for the collection and channelization of e-waste.
• Creating all round awareness through publications & information dissemination.
• Obtaining authorization from SPCB/CC.
• Maintaining records & filing annual returns.

As 'bulk consumer' functions are:

• Ensure that used equipments (e-waste) which are not fit for the intended use are deposited with the dealer or authorized collection Centers in order to be sent to a registered recycler.
• Organize its own collection centers / agencies and warehouses to collect and store e-waste.
• Ensure that the e-waste thus collected is channelized through the take-back scheme to the manufacturer or sent to registered recyclers.
• Maintain a record of inventory of all individual items received and dispatched including an inventory of rejected items and filing an annual report of the same with the Pollution Control Board.

Single EPR Authorization for Producers is now being made CPCB‘s responsibility to ensure pan India implementation. Procedure for seeking the authorization and for effective implementation has now been elaborated with various kinds of flexibilities provisions.

Practice question:

1. Which of the following statements is/are correct related to the E-waste management Rules, 2016?
1. Manufacturer, dealer, refurbisher and Producer Responsibility Organization (PRO) have been introduced as additional stakeholders in the rules.
2. Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL) and other mercury containing lamp brought under the purview of rules.
3. Urban Local Bodies has been assigned the duty to collect and channelized the orphan products to authorized dismantler or recycler.


A. 1 and 2

B. 2 and 3

C. 1 and 3

D. All

Answer: Option d
The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has notified the E-Waste Management Rules, 2016 in supersession of the e-waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2011. The E-waste rules will now include Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL) and other mercury containing lamps, as well as other such equipment.
It emphasized that various producers can have a separate Producer Responsibility Organization (PRO) and ensure collection of E-waste, as well as its disposal in an environmentally sound manner.