IAS Score

Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats

The Government of India provides financial and technical assistance to the State/UT Governments for activities aimed at wildlife conservation through the Centrally Sponsored Scheme viz. ‘Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats’. The scheme has following three components:

• Support to Protected Areas:

It covers following protected areas: National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves, other than those availing central assistance under the CSS- Project Tiger, which are duly notified under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and are under the control of the Chief Wildlife Wardens.

Pattern of funding:
100% central assistance is provided for non-recurring items and 50% assistance for recurring items.
Areas falling in mountain regions, coastal zones, deserts, or those areas which support certain selected endangered species, are eligible for 100% central assistance for both recurring and non-recurring items.

• Protection of Wildlife Outside Protected Areas:

There is substantial wildlife and natural resources lying outside the Protected Areas network of India. This component seeks to support the conservation of wildlife in these areas.

The Chief Wildlife Wardens prepare a Biodiversity Conservation Plan for such selected area; Human-wildlife conflict management in and around forests.

• Recovery programme for critically endangered species and habitats:

This component is for affecting the recovery of critically endangered species in the country. Initially 17 species have been identified under this component. These are Snow Leopard, Bustard (including Floricans), Dolphin, Hangul, Nilgiri Tahr, Marine Turtles, Dugongs, Edible Nest Swiftlet, Asian Wild Buffalo, Nicobar Megapode, Manipur Brow-antlered Deer, Vultures, Malabar Civet, Indian Rhinoceros, Asiatic Lion, Swamp Deer and Jerdon’s Courser.

The Director, Wildlife Preservation, Government of India, in consultation with the Wildlife Institute of India or the relevant scientific institute and with the approval of the Standing Committee of the NBWL can initiate other recovery programmes or wind up an ongoing programme.

100% assistance is provided for both non-recurring and recurring items.
Each recovery programme has to be based on a comprehensive and scientific ‘Recovery Plan’. The Chief Wildlife Wardens of the concerned States (if the species range is in more than one State), shall jointly prepare the Recovery Plan with the help of a national scientific institute/organization of repute.

Activities covered under ‘Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats’ are as follows:

1. Management Planning and capacity building:

• Strengthening wildlife research, education and nature awareness
• Staff development and capacity building
• Monitoring and evaluation
• Management Planning

2. Anti-poaching & infrastructure development:

• Anti-poaching activities
• Strengthening of infrastructure
• Strengthening Wildlife veterinary care
• Strengthening Staff welfare activities
3. Restoration of habitats:
• Habitat improvement activities
• Safeguards / Retrofitting measures

4. Eco-development and community oriented activities:

• Addressing man-animal conflict
• Strengthening co-existence agenda
• Deciding inviolate spaces and relocation of villages from crucial wildlife habitats
• Fostering ecotourism
• Assistance to activities in Trans-boundary Protected Areas

Practice question:

1) Who among the following is the chairperson of National Board for Wildlife?
1. President
2. Minister of Environment , forests and climate change
3. Minister of agriculture and farmers welfare
4. Prime Minister


a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Only 4

d) 2 and 4

Ans: c
Exp: The National Board for Wildlife is chaired by India's Prime Ministerand its vice chairman is Minister of Environment.

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