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1st ever OBC survey gets underway in Odisha

  • Category
    Polity & Governance
  • Published
    5th May, 2023

Context

The Odisha government began it’s first-ever survey of social and educational conditions of people belonging to 208 backward castes.

About Population Census

  • Population census is a Union subject.
  • The Government of India has been conducting a decennial census continuously since 1951 as per the provisions of the Census Act, 1948.
  • India’s decennial census was supposed to be conducted in 2021, however, it has been inordinately delayed.
  • Due to this delay, states like Bihar and Odisha have stepped forward to carry out their own census exercises. 

What is the Exact Population of the OBCs?

  • When the Mandal Commission wrote its report in 1979-80, it relied on the 1931 census data to estimate the OBC population and came up with the number of 52%. 
  • That report itself is now more than four decades old but the magic number of 52%, which was a guesstimate based on the 1931 census, gets thrown around whenever the OBC population is discussed.
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