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Published: 23rd Mar, 2024






Assent to Bills

Assent to Bills is the process by which the President of India gives approval to a bill that the legislature has passed.


Consumer Price Index (CPI)


  • CPI is a metric that is used to measure inflation. To be specific, CPI measures retail inflation by collecting data on the prices of goods and services that are consumed by the retail population of the country.
  • CPI meaning refers to an increase in the price level of a selected basket of goods and services over a select period of time.


Core Monsoon Zone

The core monsoon zone is a region in India stretching from Gujarat in the west to West Bengal in the east.


Central Asian Flyway (CAF)


  • It is a geographical region within which a single or a group of migratory species completes its annual cycle.
  • It covers a large continental area of Eurasia between the Arctic and Indian Oceans and the associated island chains.


Coral bleaching

Coral bleaching is the process when corals become white due to various stressors, such as changes in temperature, light, or nutrients. 




The term dimorphism denotes a trait that occurs in two distinct forms or morphs within a given species and traits that differ consistently between males and females are sexual dimorphisms.



In political scenario, it is a situation when a member of a political party leaves his party and joins hands with other parties.



A person is disqualified by or under any law made by Parliament. A person can be disqualified on grounds of defection under the Tenth Schedule of the Constitution. This includes changing party affiliation before or after an election.



Diabetes is a condition that happens when blood sugar (glucose) is too high. It develops when pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or any at all, or when the body isn’t responding to the effects of insulin properly.


El Niño

El Niño is a climate pattern that describes the unusual warming of surface waters in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. El Niño is the “warm phase” of a larger phenomenon called the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO).



It is a belief in and support for ideas that are very far from what most people consider correct or reasonable.


Forced labour

Forced labour can be understood as work that is performed involuntarily and under the menace of any penalty.


Foreign portfolio investment (FPI)

Foreign portfolio investment (FPI) is securities and other assets passively held by foreign investors, allowing individuals to invest overseas.


Gross national income (GNI)

  • GNI is the total income earned by a country's people and businesses, no matter where it was earned.
  • GNI is an alternative to gross domestic product (GDP) as a measure of wealth. It calculates income instead of output.
  • GNI can be calculated by adding income from foreign sources to the country's gross domestic product.


Human development

Human development refers to the physical, cognitive, and psychosocial development of humans throughout the lifespan.


Jet streams

Jet streams are narrow bands of strong wind that generally blow from west to east all across the globe. Earth has four primary jet streams: two polar jet streams, near the north and south poles, and two subtropical jet streams closer to the equator.


South-West Monsson

  • Monsoons always blow from cold to warm regions.
  • The summer monsoon usually happens between April and September. As winter ends, warm, moist air from the southwest Indian Ocean blows toward countries like India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.
  • The summer monsoon brings a humid climate and torrential rainfall to these areas.


Saharan dust

Saharan dust is a type of particulate matter (PM) that originates in the Sahara Desert (largest hot desert in the world.) in Northern Africa.  The desert spans just over 9 million square kilometers, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea, from the Mediterranean sea to the Niger River valley and the Sudan region in the south. 


Treasury Bill

Treasury Bill is a money market instrument is issued by the Government of India. The bill is issued as a promissory note of repayment in the future. The purpose of a treasury note is to secure funds to meet the short-term fund requirements of the government.


Low Pressure System

A low pressure system, also known as a depression, is an area of low pressure surrounded by relatively high pressure. As per the IMD, a depression is a low pressure which has an associated wind speed of 32-50km/hour.


Labour Force Participation Rate

The labour force participation rates is calculated as the labour force divided by the total working-age population.


Money Bill

A money bill is a specific type of financial legislation that exclusively deals with matters related to taxes, government revenues, or expenditures. It can be introduced only in the Lok Sabha (the lower house of the Parliament) and not in the Rajya Sabha (the upper house).


Multispectral photography

Multispectral photography, also known as multispectral imaging (MSI), is a technique that captures images of an object in different bands of the light spectrum, beyond what humans can see.


State list

The state list of the Indian constitution includes subjects that are of interest to the local and the state. Public health, Police, Forest, Health and so on are some of the subjects included in the state list of the Indian Constitution.


Trade imbalances

Trade imbalances occur when some countries run persistent surpluses on their trade accounts (with the value of exports exceeding the value of imports), whereas others experience persistent and often large external deficits.


Western disturbances

They are storms that originate in the Caspian or Mediterranean Sea and bring non-monsoonal rainfall to northwest India. A western disturbance is an area of low pressure that brings sudden showers, snow and fog in northwest India.


3D-printed rocket

A 3D-printed rocket is a spacecraft that features additively manufactured components using 3D-printing technology. Compared to most traditional rockets, the 3D-printed variety is more fuel efficient, lighter in weight and built in a fraction of the time.

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