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Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Historical evolution of constitution since Regulating Act 1773 – Independence Act 1947
  • Constitutional Making
  • Salient features
  • Federal vs. non-federal features
  • Parliamentary vs. Presidential System
  • Centralized and decentralization features
  • India as a welfare state
  • Amendment process
  • Rigid or flexible
  • Some important amendments
  • Important pending amendments
  • Process of law making in India
  • Role of constitutional and extra constitutional bodies in law making
  • Basic structure: How it evolves?
  • Preamble values
  • Different types of majorities required in Indian constitution
  • DPSP, Fundamental Rights
  • Different concepts related to constitutional terms as “Procedure established by Law, Due process of law
  • Doctrines terminologies
Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States
  • Regulating functions of Government
  • Development functions of government
  • Service providing functions of government
  • Problems in implementation
  • Recommendations for improvement
  • Interrelationship between union, state and local government in implementation of roles
  • Constitutional provisions related to financial devolution
  • Issues of financial devolution
Issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure
  • Administrative relations
  • Legislative relations
  • Financial relations
  • Misuse of article 356
  • Issues related to concurrent list
  • Issues related to appointment of governor
  • Issues related to state formation
  • Poor devolution of finances
  • Reserving bill for Presidential approval
  • Central sponsored schemes and issues
  • Special package for different states
  • Issues between centre and state after 1990 reforms
  • Foreign policy and centre and state relations
Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Features in American and UK constitution
  • Whether present in India or not?
  • Checks and balances provisions in Indian constitution
  • Judicial Review
  • Concept of separation of powers
Dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions
  • What is Dispute redressal mechanism?
  • Need of Dispute redressal mechanisms
  • Administrative tribunal and issues
  • Fast track courts and issues
  • Gram nyalayas and issues
  • ParivarikMahilaLokAdalatsand issues
  • Family Courts and issues
  • LokAdalat and issues
  • NALSA and issues
  • Dispute redressal for Weaker section
Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • It should cover Comparison of USA, UK, India and neighbours
Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these
  • Functions of Parliament
  • Composition of RajyaSabha
  • Composition of LokSabha
  • Composition of Legislative assemble and Legislative Council
  • Qualification and disqualification of MPs and MLAs
  • Vacation of seats
  • Sessions of parliament
  • Law making procedure
  • Officers of Parliament and state legislature
  • Parliament Proceedings
  • Motions and resolutions in Parliament
  • Powers and Privileges
  • Financial proceedings
  • Comparison of LokSabha and RajyaSabha
  • Comparison of Legislative assembly and council
  • Women reservation in Parliament and issues
  • Lowering of Parliamentary powers
  • Parliamentary committees
  • Judicial activism and Parliament
  • Delegated legislation and issues
Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity
  • President
  • PM
  • CoM
  • Attorney General of India
  • Governor
  • Chief Minister
  • Advocate-General
  • Issues Ordinance making power Passage of bills
  • Misuse of emergency provisions
  1. Pardon power
  2. Coalition government
  • Supreme court
  • The role of the Supreme Court of India as guardian of the Constitution and protector of Fundamental Rights
  • Judicial Review
  • PIL
  • Judicial activism
  • Judiciary appointment
  • High courts
  • Subordinate courts
  • Local and Urban government
Ministries and Departments of the Government
  • Introduction
  • Functioning
  • Central secretariat
  • Pros and cons
  • Cabinet secretary
  • Field organizations
  • Reforms needed
  • International methodology
  • State secretariat
  • Chief secretary 
Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity
  • What are pressure groups?
  • Types
  • The significance of pressure groups in India
  • Differentiate between a pressure group and a political party
  • Evaluation of pressure groups role
Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies
  1. CAG of India
  • Appointment of CAG ( procedure of appointment)- composition of CAG
  • functions and responsibilities of CAG
  • Powers and privileges of CAG (provided by constitution and different ACTs of Parliament.)
  1. Election commission of India.
  • Appointment of ECI ( procedure of appointment)- composition of ECI
  • functions and responsibilities of ECI
  • Powers and privileges of ECI (provided by constitution and different ACTs of Parliament.)
  1. UPSC
  • Appointment to UPSC ( procedure of appointment)- composition of UPSC
  • functions and responsibilities of UPSC
  • Powers and privileges of UPSC (provided by constitution and different ACTs of Parliament.)
  1. Finance commission
  • Appointment to Finance commission ( procedure of appointment)- composition of Finance commission
  • functions and responsibilities of Finance commission
  • Powers and privileges of Finance commission (provided by constitution and different ACTs of Parliament.)
  1. National commission for SCs and STs.
  • Appointment to SC/STs commission ( procedure of appointment)- composition of commission
  • functions and responsibilities of SC/STs commission
  • Powers and privileges of SC/STs commission (provided by constitution and different ACTs of Parliament.)
Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
  • SEBI
  • CVC
  • CBI
  • Planning Commission
  • NDC
  • PMO
  • Zonal Council
  • TRAI
  • IRDA
  • National Human Rights Commission
  • State Human Rights Commission
  • Central Information Commission
  • State Information Commission
  • National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission
  • Tribunal
  • Medical Council Of India
  • Pension Fund Regulatory And Development Authority
  • Biodiversity Authority Of India
  • Press Council Of India
  • Forward Markets Commission
  • Inland Waterways Authority Of India
  • RBI
  1. Appointments in higher Judiciary
  • collegiums system
  • lacunas in present system
  • NJAC controversy
  • National Court of Appeal
  1. Judicial accountability
  • Enhancing accountability and transparency in functioning of judiciary
  • Issues of corruption in judiciary
  • The Judicial Standards and Accountability Bill, 2010- analysis
  1. Appointment of CAG-Need for a new committee system– like in case of CVC
  1. Election Commission
  • Election Commission of India -Appointment of CEC- Need for a new committee system, like in case of CVC
  • Issue of paid news
  • Electoral reforms- state funding
  • Model code of conduct- need for statutory backup
  1. CBI
  • Appointment of CBI director- committee system
  • Autonomy vs. accountability
  1. Lokpal- Issue of constitutional status
  1. Representation of People’s Act
  • Recent amendments to RPA
  • SC verdict on various section of RPA
  1. Relevance of Inter-state council in dispute resolution between different states
  1. Fiscal federalism in India
  • Issue of the structure of financial devolution between center and states.
  • Role of finance commission and planning commission.
  • Goods and services tax – related issues.
  • Residual Powers of Taxation
  • Restrictions on Borrowing by States
  • Issues and problems with Centrally Sponsored Schemes
  1. Need for a well-functioning institutional mechanism for Centre-state dialogue.
  2. Appointment and Role of Governors.
  3. Misuse of Articles 356 and 355.
  4. Performance of Parliament (during the15th LokSabha) - declining standards, fewer debates more disruptions.
  5. Public Engagement with the Legislative Process- Mechanisms for public engagement with legislative process in India.
  6. Conflict of Interest Issues in Parliament
  7. The Whistle Blowers Protection Bill, 2011
  8. The Right of Citizens for Time Bound Delivery of Goods and Services and Redressal of their Grievances Bill, 2011 (Citizens Charter)
  9. Bifurcation of states – need for small states.
  10. Issue of Communal Violence
  • Role of state government
  • Role of center
  • Role of media
  • Role of paramilitary forces
  • The Communal Violence (Prevention, Control and Rehabilitation of Victims) Bill