Mining Surveillance System 

MSS is a satellite-based monitoring system which aims to establish a regime of responsive mineral administration, through public participation, by facilitating State Governments in curbing instances of illegal mining.

Any unusual land use change activity observed on satellite imagery in a zone up to 500m from the boundary of mining lease area is captured and flagged off as Triggers, which may also include illegal mining.

The MSS also includes user-friendly mobile-app for use of mining officials which will receive alerts, do field verification and submit inspection reports. This mobile app also aims to establish a participative monitoring system where the citizens also can use this app and report unusual mining activity which will be generated as a trigger. The site verification of the trigger would be done by officials of mining departments of concerned States, who will also take appropriate action in cases of illegal mining.

Developed by:

The Ministry of Mines, through Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM), has developed the Mining Surveillance System (MSS), in collaboration with Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and Bhaskaracharya Institute for Space Applications and Geo-informatics (BISAG), Gandhinagar, to use space technology for facilitating State Governments in curbing illegal mining activities in the country.


  • Deterrence Effect : ‘Eyes watching from the sky’
  • Transparency
  • Participatory : Citizens can report unusual mining activity
  • Bias-free: No human interference
  • Quicker Response and Action: Sensitive areas can be monitored more frequently.
  • Effective Follow-up: Action on triggers monitored through Dashboard

Practice Question:

Which of the following initiatives of Ministry of Power and their objectives is not correctly matched?

      a)  Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana to provide continuous power supply to rural                          India.

      b)  Electricity Demand Pattern Analysis to auction long-term coal linkages to power companies.

      c)  Coal Mitra Web Portal to bring about flexibility in Utilization of Domestic Coalby                                 transferring the reserves to more cost efficient State/Centre owned or Private sector                                  generating stations
      d)  None

Ans: b