National Assessment and Accreditation Council

The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) is an autonomous body established by the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India to assess and accredit institutions of higher education in the country.


  • To arrange for periodic assessment and accreditation of institutions of higher education or units thereof, or specific academic programmes or projects;
  • To stimulate the academic environment for promotion of quality of teaching-learning and research in higher education institutions;
  • To encourage self-evaluation, accountability, autonomy and innovations in higher education;
  • To undertake quality-related research studies, consultancy and training programmes, and
  • To collaborate with other stakeholders of higher education for quality evaluation, promotion and sustenance. 

The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) has released the revised accreditation framework. The revised framework incorporates qualitative and quantitative methods for assessment and accreditation. 

Key features of the framework are as follows:

  • Simplification of process and ICT: The revised framework will be more Information and Communications Technology (ICT) intensive. Further, simplification of the accreditation process is envisaged through a reduction in number of questions and the number of visit days during the assessment.
  • Additions to the current grading pattern: A system of applying minimum qualifiers for achieving a grade will be implemented. Differences in the metrics, weightages and benchmarks to universities, autonomous colleges and affiliated colleges have also been proposed. Further, the assessment process envisages enhanced participation by the students and alumni. 

Practice question:

NAACassess and accredit institutions of higher education in the country. Which of the following are                             the benefits of accreditation?
    1. Through this Institution get to know about their strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities                                      through an informed review process
    2. According to the ranking Institutions may be able to initiate innovative and modern methods of                               pedagogy.
    3. On the basis of ranking the funding for private colleges only can increase.


      a)  1 and 2
      b)  2 and 3

      c)  1 and 3

      d)  All

Ans: a

Exp: Accreditation facilitates

  • Institution to know its strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities through an informed review process.
  • Identification of internal areas of planning and resource allocation
  • Collegiality on the campus.
  • Funding agencies look for objective data for performance funding.
  • Institutions to initiate innovative and modern methods of pedagogy.
  • New sense of direction and identity for institutions.
  • The society look for reliable information on quality education offered.
  • Employers look for reliable information on the quality of education offered to the prospective recruits.
  • Intra and inter-institutional interactions.