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DATA STORY: Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) in India

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Published: 6th Apr, 2022

Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) in India was exceptionally high in 1990 with 556 women dying during childbirth per hundred thousand live births. Approximately, 1.38 lakh women were dying every year on account of complications related to pregnancy and childbirth.

The Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) of India has declined by 10 points as per a special bulletin released by the Registrar General of India. It has declined from 113 in 2016-18 to 103 in 2017-19 (8.8 % decline). The country had been witnessing a progressive reduction in the MMR from 130 in 2014-2016, 122 in 2015-17, 113 in 2016-18, and to 103 in 2017-19.

India has committed itself to the latest UN target for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for MMR at 70 per 1,00,000 live births by 2030. As per NHP (National Health Policy) 2017, the target for MMR is 100 per 1,00,000 live births by 2020.

Seven Indian states have very high maternal mortality. These are Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Odisha and Assam. ‘Very high’ MMR means 130 or more maternal deaths per 100,000 live births.

The MMR is ‘high’ in Punjab, Uttarakhand and West Bengal. This means 100-130 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. It is ‘low’ in Haryana and Karnataka (71-100 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births).

This data story aims to highlight the recent findings of the Registrar General of India regarding Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) in India.

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