China, India, Pakistan expanding nuclear arsenal: SIPRI

  • Published
    17th Jun, 2021

GS-III: Security

  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
Context

Swedish think tank Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has released its Year Book 2021. According to the year book-

  • China is in the middle of a significant modernization and expansion of its nuclear weapon inventory, and India and Pakistan also appear to be expanding their nuclear arsenals.
  • India possessed an estimated 156 nuclear warheads at the start of 2021 compared to 150 at the start of last year, while Pakistan had 165 warheads, up from 160 in 2020.
  • China’s nuclear arsenal consisted of 350 warheads up from 320 at the start of 2020.

Prelims question:

Which of the following statements regarding the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) is/are correct?

  1. It was signed in 2010 between the US and Russia, limiting each party to a specific numbers of various missiles.
  2. The treaty will remain in effect until 5 February 2026.
  3. It helped the United Nations to adopt and finalize the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in 2017.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.

Mains Question:

India has been actively pursuing membership into the Nuclear Suppliers Group. Is the membership important for India? What are the chances of India’s inclusion in the Group?(250 words)

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