What's New :
UPSC Interview Guidance Program. Register here...

India’s most endangered canid-The Dhole

  • Published
    9th Sep, 2022

As per studies, limited knowledge about the life history of endangered species is a common obstacle in addressing conservation challenges.

  • One such enigmatic species under threat is the forest-dwelling, social canid of Indian forests — the dhole (Cuonalpinus). 

About the species:

  • Geographic Range: From the Altai Mountains in Manchuria in Central and Eastern Asia, its range spreads southwards through the forest tracts of India, Burma, and the Malayan Archipelago. Three races of the dhole exist in India alone.
  • Habitat: Dholes like open spaces and can often be found on jungle roads, river beds, jungle clearings, and paths, where they rest during the day.
  • The dhole is a highly social animal, living in large clans without rigid dominance hierarchies and containing multiple breeding females. Such clans usually consist of 12 individuals, but groups of over 40 are known.
  • Conservation
    • The dhole is protected under Schedule 2 of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
    • The creation of reserves under Project Tiger provided some protection for dhole populations sympatric with tigers.
    • In 2014, the Indian government sanctioned its first dhole conservation breeding centre at the Indira Gandhi Zoological Park (IGZP) in Visakhapatnam. 
    • It is listed as Endangered by the IUCN, as populations are decreasing and estimated at less than 2, 500 adults.
    • Factors contributing to this decline include habitat loss, loss of prey, and competition with other species, persecution, and disease transfer from domestic dogs.

Wild Canids–India Project :

  • The Wild Canids–India Project was launched in 2018 by researchers affiliated with various organizations/universities.
  • The project aimed to conduct research work to better understand wild canids and formulate science-based strategies including citizen science projects to conserve them.
science-based strategies including citizen science projects to conserve them.
GS Mains Classes GS Classes 2024 GS Classes 2024 GS Classes 2024 UPSC Study Material

Verifying, please be patient.

Our Centers

DELHI (Karol Bagh)

GS SCORE, 1B, Second Floor, Pusa Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi - 110005 (Beside Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate No. 8)

Get directions on Google Maps

BHUBANESWAR (Jaydev Vihar)

GS SCORE, Plot No.2298, Jaydev Vihar Square, Near HCG Day Care, BBSR - 751013

Get directions on Google Maps

LUCKNOW (Aliganj)

GS SCORE, 2nd Floor, B-33, Sangam Chauraha, Sector H, Aliganj, Lucknow, UP - 226024

Get directions on Google Maps

Enquire Now