Aurangabad to Sambhaji Nagar
4th Mar, 2023
Recently, Aurangabad, has rechristened Chhatrapati Sambhaji Nagar in view to break the Mughal Legacy and promote the Kings from India highlighting their brave deeds.
History of Aurangabad:
- The city, originally known as Khadki, was founded by Malik Ambar (?Anbar) in 1610.
- After the fall of the Nizam Sh?h? dynasty in 1633, the city came under Mughal rule.
- It was later renamed Aurangabad after it became the headquarters of Aurangzeb during his viceroyalty over the Deccan.
- Aurangabad remained the headquarters of the independent Nizams (rulers), but it declined when the capital was moved to Hyderabad in Hyderabad princely state.
- With the dissolution of the princely state in 1948, Aurangabad was included in Hyderabad state in newly independent India.
- It later became part of Bombay state (1956–60) before that state was divided into Maharashtra and Gujarat.
- Aurangabad lies in the state of Maharashtra.
- Aurangabad District is located mainly in Godavari Basin and its some part towards North West of Tapi River Basin.
- This District's general down level is towards South and East and North West part comes in Purna-Godavari river basin.
Highlights of the City:
- Aurangabad is known for its artistic silk fabrics, particularly shawls.
- The seat of Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University (1958), it is a prominent educational centre, and several branch colleges are located there.
- The city is also a popular tourist destination, mainly the result of its proximity to the Ellora and Ajanta cave temples, both of which were designated UNESCO World Heritage sites in 1983.
Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj:
- Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj is a Maratha warrior king who was the son of the iconic ruler Shivaji Maharaj
- The Maratha kingdom had raised from scratch, built brick by brick by the sons of the Indian soil who wished to overthrow the powers that swore allegience to descendants of Turkish, Persian and Mongol aggressors.
- Sambhaji Maharaj ruled for a short span of 9-10 years before his death at the hands of AUrangzeb but the Maratha subjects never forgot his sacrifice.
- Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj was the eldest son of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj - the great Maratha warrior king.
- Shivaji Maharaj belonged to the Bhonsle clan and was born on 19th February 1627.
- Shivaji Maharaj built the Hindawi Swaraj - the Self-rule of Indians as against that of the Mughals who identified themselves as descendants from Tamerlane of Mongolia and also of Turcik - Central Asian (Chagtai) bloodline.
Aurangzeb and links to the city:
- Aurangzeb was the third son of the emperor Shah Jah?n and Mumtaz Mahal.
- He grew up as a serious-minded and devout youth, wedded to the Muslim orthodoxy of the day and free from the royal Mughal traits of sensuality and drunkenness.
- From 1636 Aurangzeb held a number of important appointments, in all of which he distinguished himself.
- He commanded troops against the Uzbeks and the Persians with distinction (1646–47) and, as viceroy of the Deccan provinces in two terms (1636–44, 1654–58), reduced the two Muslim Deccan kingdoms to near-subjection.
- The first overt sign of change was the reimposition of the jizya, or poll tax, on non-Muslims in 1679 (a tax that had been abolished by Akbar).
- This in turn was followed by a Rajput revolt in 1680–81, supported by Aurangzeb’s third son, Akbar. Hindus still served the empire, but no longer with enthusiasm.
- The Deccan kingdoms of Bijapur and Golconda were conquered in 1686–87, but the insecurity that followed precipitated a long-incipient economic crisis, which in turn was deepened by warfare with the Marathas.