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  • Published
    7th Jul, 2023

Polity & Governance (GS-II)

India's first Tele-MANAS chat-bot

The Government launched India's first Tele-MANAS chat-bot in the Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir, which will ensure round the clock services of health counsellors, clinical psychologists and consultants.


  • The Centre had in Budget 2022 announced the National Tele Mental Health Programme of India, Tele Mental Health Assistance and Networking Across States (Tele-MANAS).
  • Tele-MANAS is a two-tier system.
    • Tier 1 comprises State Tele MANAS cells, which includes trained counsellors and mental health specialists.
    • Tier 2 comprises specialists at District Mental Health Programme (DMHP)/Medical College resources for physical consultation and/or eSanjeevani for audio visual consultation.


International Relations (GS-II)

First overseas IIT campus

India will establish its first Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) campus outside the country in Tanzania.


  • The move is in line with India's National Education Policy 2020 and aims to strengthen educational cooperation between the two countries.
  • The IIT campus in Zanzibar will begin offering programs from October and will be responsible for planning pedagogical strategies.
  • The initiative is seen as a step towards internationalizing Indian education and expanding India's reputation and diplomatic relationships.


  • Zanzibar is an archipelago off the coast of east Africa that united with Tanganyika in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanzania.
  • It is a semi-autonomous region of Tanzania.

K Radhakrishnan Committee

  • In 2021, the government formed a 16-member committee, headed by the chairman of the standing committee of IIT Council, K Radhakrishnan, to prepare a framework for setting up campuses abroad.


Polity & Governance (GS-II)

2023 Global Peace Index


The 2023 Global Peace Index released its annual ranking of the most peaceful countries in the world.


  • Iceland has remained the most peaceful country. It also ranks as the third happiest country in the world, after Finland and Denmark.
  • While the United States ranked 131 on the list, seven out of the top 10 most peaceful countries in the world are in Europe.
  • India: India occupied the 126th spot in the rankings.
    • India experienced an improvement of 3.5 per cent in overall peacefulness over the past year, owing to improvements in violent crime, neighbouring countries’ relations, and political instability.

About Global Peace Index

  • First released in: 2008
  • Produced by: Institute for Economics & Peace (IEP)
  • The Global Peace Index measures the state of peace using three domains of peacefulness:
    • Ongoing domestic and international conflict
    • Societal safety and security
    • Militarization

Science & Technology (GS-III)

Instagram Threads

Tech giant Meta released its standalone Twitter rival, Threads app

About the App

  • Based on Instagram's account system, the app allows users to share text updates, post links, reply or report messages, and join public conversations.
  • Like Instagram, users can follow and connect with friends and creators, including the people they follow on Instagram.
  • Threads was launched in more than 100 countries for iOS and Android users.
  • Direct competition to Twitter: The app comes at a time when Elon Musk's Twitter is struggling to make good revenues. 

Environment (GS-III)

Chinkara (Gazella bennettii)


Rajasthan court awards informer half of fine in chinkara killing case.

About Chinkara or Indian gazelle (Gazella bennettii):

  • Chinkara or Indian gazelle is the State animal of Rajasthan.
  • Geographic Range: Indian gazelles, Gazella bennettii, are primarily found in the northwestern region of India in the state of Rajasthan.
  • Habitat: Dry deciduous forests, open woodlands, and dry areas such as sand dunes, semi-arid deserts, and arid valleys.
  • Conservation Status:
  • Gazella bennettii is considered a species of least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
  • They are included in the CITES Appendix III.
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