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The development of CRISPR-Cas proteins for genome editing applications has had a profound impact on biology and biotechnology over the past few years. These tools have democratized the ability to rewrite the information contained in genomes and thereby to both understand and alter genetic traits. The positives and negatives of gene-editing technologies are discussed and disseminated to a great degree. They represent very real, tangible opportunities at positively impacting the lives of various patients with certain diseases. However, it is essential not to generalise this potential across societies and nations, but to recognise that each country is unique and has its own narrative. Going forward, understanding that the technology of gene editing, requires more caution than optimism, regulatory efforts must pause to consider these issues in depth.

In the case of India, it is crucial that new rules and regulations are created to take into account the country’s unique professional and sociocultural landscape and, in addition, it's capacity for ensuring that such a technology is handled responsibly and ethically.

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