Rare earth metals at the heart of China-U.S. rivalry

  • Published
    18th Jun, 2021

GS-I: Geography

  • Distribution of key natural resources around the world
Context

U.S. Senate passed a law aimed at improving American competitiveness that includes provisions to improve critical minerals supply chains. U.S. aims to boost production and processing of rare earths and lithium, another key mineral component, while “working with allies to increase sustainable global supply and reduce reliance on competitors,

Prelims question:

Which of the following pairs is/are correctly matched regarding Rare Earth Elements?

  1. Europium- fluorescents and phosphors in lamps and monitors
  2. Lanthanum- night vision goggles
  3. Cerium- automotive catalytic converters

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.

Mains Question:

“There is strong correlation between natural resources and journey of development of a nation.” Critically comment in the light of USA-China relations (250 words)

X

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