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Location in News

  • Category
    Miscellaneous
  • Published
    21st Jul, 2023

Sriharikota

India’s third lunar, the Chandrayaan-3, took off from the Satish Dhawan Space Center (SDSC) in Sriharikota — a spindle-shaped island on the east coast of Andhra Pradesh.

About the location:

  • Sriharikota is a barrier island off the Bay of Bengal coast located in the Shar Project settlement of Tirupati district in Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • It houses the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, one of the two satellite launch centres in India (the other being Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station, Thiruvananthapuram).
  • Sriharikota separates the Pulicat Lake from the Bay of Bengal and is where the town of Pulicat is located.

Reasons to choose the location:

There are two primary reasons for selecting Sriharikota as the launch site.

  • One, it is on the east coast which facilitates the launching of the rockets in an easterly direction.
  • Two, its proximity to the equator.
  • By launching a rocket eastwards, one can take advantage of Earth’s rotation.
  • For a launch site close to equator the magnitude of the velocity imparted due to Earth’s rotation is about 450 m/s, which can lead to substantial increase in the payload for a given launch vehicle.

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