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National Birds Day

  • Category
    Ecology and Environment
  • Published
    13th Jan, 2024

Context

Indian urban spaces are home to various birds; but some are vanishing at an alarming rate. Documentation such as this one brings hope and highlight the need for their conservation.

National Birds Day

  • January 5 observed as National Birds Day to raise awareness for bird conservation.
  • Union Cabinet Minister emphasizes the importance of saving wetlands.

Wetlands as Bird Sanctuaries:

  • Wetlands crucial for various bird species migrating to winter in India.
  • Sustain ecosystems vital for local avian populations.

Urban Bird Watching in India:

  • Indian cities teeming with wildlife, diverse bird species documented by enthusiasts.
  • Despite dwindling numbers, bird sightings in urban areas remain popular.

Exploring India's Feathered Residents: Columns by Gargi Mishra

  1. The Jungle Babbler:
  • Known as the most argumentative bird, adept at mimicking other species.
  • Plays a crucial role in protecting crops by feeding on pests.
  • Unique appearance and social behavior; prone to brood parasitism.
  1. Oriental Magpie-Robin:
  • Resident of the Indian subcontinent, avoids arid areas.
  • Attractive features, distinctive calls, and behavior.
  • Role in Hindu mythology; associated with Lord Shiva.
  1. Common Hoopoe:
  • Seasonal migration across the subcontinent.
  • Unique appearance, foraging habits, and nesting behavior.
  • Defense mechanisms including foul-smelling liquid for protection.
  1. Indian Roller (Tiha):
  • Considered a harbinger of happiness; declared state bird in some states.
  • Brilliant coloration during flight; associated with Hindu mythology.
  • Feeds on agricultural pests; faced challenges from plume trade.
  1. Indian White-Eye:
  • Recognized by the distinctive white ring around its eyes.
  • Importance as pollinators; sociable and migratory in local areas.
  • Nesting habits and potential threats from habitat degradation.
  1. Brown-Headed Barbet:
  • Loud calls and distinctive appearance; family named after barb-like whiskers.
  • Seasonal migration, nesting in urban spaces, and territorial behavior.
  • Diet, habitat threats, and conservation challenges.
  1. House Sparrows:
  • Coexistence with humans since the Stone Age.
  • Adaptations, omnivorous diet, and ability to live in various climates.
  • Declining numbers due to predation, human activities, and Sparrow pie.

Way Forward:

  • Emphasis on the need for conservation efforts and creating safe spaces for birds.
  • Author's personal experiences and observations shared to foster awareness.
  • All photographs provided by the author, an amateur ornithologist.
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