UPSC SYLLABUS

Science & Technology (General Science (Prelims))

Biology

  • Origin of Life and Cells
    • Cell Structure
    • Membranes
    • Cell-Cell Interactions
    • Energy and Metabolism
    • Respiration
    • Cell Division
    • Sexual Reproduction
  • Genetics
    • Inheritance
    • DNA, The Genetic Material
    • Gene Expression
    • Gene Regulation
    • Mutation
    • Recombinant DNA Technology
  • Classification of Living Things
    • Classification and Domains of Life
    • General Biology/Classification of Living Things/Viruses
    • Prokaryotes
    • Eukaryotes
      • Protista
      • Plants
      • Fungi
      • Animals
  • Evolution of Life
      • Evolution of Life
      • Animal Evolution
      • Human Evolution
  • Tissues
      • Epithelial tissue
      • Connective tissue
      • Muscle tissue
  • Endocrine System
      • Hypothalamus
      • Pineal body (epiphysis)
      • Pituitary gland (hypophysis)
      • Thyroid
      • Adrenal glands
      • Reproductive glands
  • Respiratory System
      • External and Internal Respiration
      • Respiratory system in Plants
      • Respiratory System in Insects
      • Respiratory System in Humans and Animals
  • The Transport System in Organisms
      • Transport system in a Cell
      • Transport System in Plants
      • Transport System in Animals
      • Blood Vascular System
      • The Lymphatic System
  • Skeletal and Muscular Systems
      • Bone and Skeleton System (Osteology)
      • Ligaments (Syndesmology)
      • Muscular System (Myology)
      • Vertebrates
  • Reproductive System
      • Asexual Reproduction in Plants
      • Asexual Reproduction in Animals
      • Sexual Reproduction in Plants
      • Sexual Reproduction in Animals
      • Sexual Reproduction in Humans
  • Excretory System
      • Excretory products
      • Excretion in plants
      • Excretion in Animals
      • Osmoregulation, ADH and formation of Urine in Animals
      • Physiological and Behavioural Adjustments
  • Nutrition
      • Classification by Source of Energy and Carbon
      • Plant Nutrition
      • Animal Nutrition
      • Human Diet
      • The Digestive System
      • Photosynthesis
  • Diseases
      • Tuberculosis
      • Non-Communicable diseases
        • Diabetes mellitus
  • Economic Zoology
        • Beneficial animals: Corals - Earthworm - Vermiculture
        • Beneficial insects - Prawns - Lobsters - Crabs - Pearl oysters - Fishes - Guano - Aquarium - Vivarium.
        • Harmful animals: Disease causing organisms - Vectors - Poisonous organisms - Fouling organisms - Pests.
  • Recent Development
        • India has declared free from Bird flu
        • Revised Draft guidelines for stem cell research, 2017
        • Therapy for sepsis
        • Curcumin, A bioactive component of turmeric treats cancer
        • Embryo transfer technology to increase livestock productivity
        • “SOHUM’ an indigenously developednewborn hearing screening device
        • Kyasanur forest disease or monkey fever developed
        • India Declared Maternal and NeonatalTetanus, H5N1 and Yaws Free
        • Mission Indradhanush
        • New TB Drug Regimen

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