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UPSC CSE Result 2023.Download toppers list

Economy (Sectors Of Indian Economy (Mains))


  • History
  • Geography
  • Indian Society
  • Polity & Governance
  • International Relations
  • Economy
  • Science & Technology
  • Environment
  • Internal Security
  • Ethics
  • UPSC Syllabus

    • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country
    • Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage
    • Transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints
    • e-technology in the aid of farmers
    • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices
    • Public Distribution System - objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security
    • Technology missions
    • Economics of animal-rearing
    • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
    • Land reforms in India.
    • Effects of liberalization on the economy
    • Changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. Other economic development in field of Manufacturing and service sector

    Role of Agriculture in Indian Economy

    • Land resource
    • Land-use pattern and Land capability classification
    • Causes and Impact of Land Degradation
    • Sustainable Land Management
    • Steps taken by GOI

    Land Reforms

    • Objectives of Land Reforms in India
    • Progress of Land Reforms in India
    • NITI Aayog Report on Land Leasing

    Agriculture Finance

    • Features of Agricultural Finance
    • Criteria for Agricultural Credit
    • Need for Agricultural Finance
    • Sources of Agricultural Finance
    • Problems of Agricultural Finance
    • Measures taken to improve credit flow to agriculture
    • Co-operative Credit Societies in India

    Agricultural Credit Institutions

    • Multi Agency Approach
    • Commercial Bank
    • Lead Bank Scheme
    • Regional Rural Banks
    • National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)
    • Reserve Bank of India
    • Kisan Credit Card Scheme
    • Bank Linkage Programme
    • Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF)
    • Government Policy For Agricultural Credit
    • Farmers Service Societies (FSS)

    Crop Insurance in India

    • Issues Related to Crop Insurance
    • Pradhan MantriFasalBimaYojana
    • Comparison with Earlier Crop Insurance Schemes

    Agriculture Marketing

    • Process of Agricultural Marketing in India
    • Structure of Agricultural Marketing in India
    • Importance of Proper Agriculture Marketing
    • Government Measures to Improve Agricultural Marketing in India
    • Analysis of APMC Act


    • Objectives of subsidies
    • Transfer of resources from gainers from economic policies to losers from economic policies
    • Farm Subsidies
    • Fertiliser subsidies
    • Subsidy on power
    • Subsidy on irrigation
    • Rationale of Minimum Support Price
    • Impact of MSP on inflation
    • Public Distribution System: Objectives, functioning, limitations,, revamping, evolution from universal PDS to targeted PDS, Targeted PDS, a critical analysis of cost and benefit of PDS           
    • Buffer Stock policy and government’s intervention in food market to keep prices under reasonable limits to help consumers                                        
    • Food Security bill, questions of resource mobilization for the FSB, criticism of the FSB             
    • Important questions on the future of subsidies

    Agricultural Revolutions in India

    • Green Revolution
    • White Revolution – Operation Flood
    • Yellow Revolution
    • Blue Revolution
    • Golden Fibre Revolution: Jute

    Food Processing

    • Processed Foods Scenario with respect to Specific Sectors
    • Infrastructure Development in Food Processing Sector
    • Issues in Food Processing Sector
    • FDI Policy in Food Processing
    • Notable Trends in the Indian Food Processing Sector
    • Strategies Adopted in Budget
    • New foreign and domestic investment
    • Sector-specific government policies

    Industrial policy and industrial development: Main Issues

    • Mahalanobis strategy and India’s industrial policy-Discussing Industrial policy resolution
      1948 and 1956 critically
    • New Economic Policy and Industrial policy under the policy of liberalization, privatization and globalization
    • Phases of Industrial development since independence

    Main features of Industrial development in India

    • Roles of private sector and public sector, Investment in the industrial sector, employment, productivity, profit etc.
    • Strategies for disinvestment and privatization
    • Role of Small, Medium and Micro enterprises, Government Policy, main problems, effects of globalization
    • New Manufacturing Policy
    • Industrial disbursal and Industrial corridors
    • SEZs- Main issues like land use, relocation of same industries that exist, exports earnings vs loss of tax income
    • Industrial sickness, institutional mechanism to support the sick industries, exit policy issues
    • Main constraints in the industrial development of India
    • Effects of globalization on industries, Sub-prime crisis and sovereign debt crisis on Industry in India
    • Industrial Finance in India: Role of development banking, commercial banking, venture capital, angel capital in industrialization and promotion of entrepreneurship
    • Make in India achievements
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