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Internal Security (Internal Security Challenges In India (Mains))


  • History
  • Geography
  • Indian Society
  • Polity & Governance
  • International Relations
  • Economy
  • Science & Technology
  • Environment
  • Internal Security
  • Ethics
  • UPSC Syllabus

    • Science and Technology- developments and Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
    • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
    • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
    • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

    Internal Security Challenges

    • Social Diversity as Issues of Security Threat
    • Challenges from within India
    • Neighbors as Issue of Security Threat
      • Pakistan
      • China
      • Myanmar
      • Bangladesh
      • Bhutan
      • Nepal
      • Sri Lanka
    • Non-State Actors as Issue of Security Threat
    • Global Indices and Measurement of
      Vulnerability of a State towards such Non-State Actors
    • Law and Order vs. Internal Security

    Terrorism Threat to India

    • Changing face of Terrorism
    • Terror Threats Faced by India
    • Broader Framework to Deal with Terrorism

    Organized Crime

    • Types of Organized Crime
    • Problems in controlling organized crimes
    • Combating organized crimes
    • Linkage of Terrorism and Organized Crime in India

    Linkage between Development and Spread of Extremism

    • What is Naxalism
    • What is the History of Naxal Movement
    • Why naxalism is a biggest threat to internal security?

    Insurgency in North-East

    • Introduction
    • Issues & Conflicts
    • Assam Insurgency

    Security Challenges in Border Areas

    • Challenges to Border Management
    • Issues Faced in Border Management
    • Community Participation for Border Management

    Basics of Cyber Security

    • Basic Definition
    • Types of Cyber Crimes
    • Impact and Steps needed
    • Recent Incident: Ransomware
    • National Cyber Security Policy of India 2013

    Cyber Warfare

    • Factors Contributing/Aggravating Rise of Cyber Attack
    • Recent Initiatives for Tackling Cyber Warfare
    • Way Ahead
    • Chinas role in cyber warfare
    • Different spywares

    Social Media and Internal Security Threat

    • Regulation of Social Media in India for Internal Security
    • Challenges in Monitoring Social Media

    Money Laundering

    • Meaning of Money Laundering
    • Harmful Effects of Money Laundering
    • Steps taken by the Government

    Black Money in India

    • Parallel Economy in India
    • Measures taken to curb Black Money?
    • Demonetization for curbing black money
    • Impact of demonetization on black money
    • Criticisms

    Security Forces and their Mandate

    • Police Reforms in India
    • Organizational Structure
    • Duties and Responsibilities of the Police
    • Centre’s Role in Policing
    • Traditional Security Challenges
    • Non-Traditional Security Challenges (NTS)
    • Recommendations for Police Reforms
    • Police we Want in 21stCentury            
    • Prison Reforms

    Various Security Forces and their Mandate

    • Assam Rifles
    • Border Security Force (BSF)
    • Indo-Tibetan Border Police
    • Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
    • Central Reserve Police Force
    • National Security Guard
    • Issues with Paramilitary Forces

    Role of Army in Internal Security

    • Strategic Perspective: Has role of Military become more relevant today?
    • National Context
    • The Indian Army’s Response
      • Structural Adaptation
      • Doctrinal Development
      • Leadership Adaptation
      • Long-term Perspective

    Governance Issues Related to Internal Security

    • Threats, Challenges and Vulnerabilities in 21stCentury
    • Introduction
    • China: The Long-term Challenge
    • Managing the China-Pakistan Collusion
    • Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Threat
    • Aerospace Threats
    • Maritime Security
    • Natural Resources
    • Conflict over Water
    • Energy Security
    • Global Warming
    • Indian Diaspora
    • Economic Warfare
    • Role of foreign elements in disturbing internal security

    Impact of Governance and Justice Delivery System on Internal Security

    • Importance of Good Governance in Internal Security
    • Reforms Needed
    • Improving E-governance platforms

    National Security Mechanism

    • Improving Policing and Intelligence
    • Resolving Centre-State Issues in Managing Internal Security

    Issues In Intelligence Services

    • Response Mechanism in India
    • What are the Major INTELLIGENCE Challenges?
    • Steps to tackle the flaws
    • What are the probable measures to improve Intelligence Services in India?
    • How to Create these Capabilities?
    • Recent terrorist attacks an role of intelligence in that context

    Strategy for Coastal and Offshore Security

    • Different Facets of Maritime Security
    • Different Reporting Mechanism for Handling Security
    • Importance of Coastal Community Participation

    Make in India in Defence

    • Present Scenario
    • Make in India in Defense
    • Government Policy
    • Strategy for Indigenization
      • Skill Development
    • Technology acquisition
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