Internal Security (Internal Security Challenges In India (Mains))

UPSC Syllabus

  • Science and Technology- developments and Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Internal Security Challenges

  • Social Diversity as Issues of Security Threat
  • Challenges from within India
  • Neighbors as Issue of Security Threat
    • Pakistan
    • China
    • Myanmar
    • Bangladesh
    • Bhutan
    • Nepal
    • Sri Lanka
  • Non-State Actors as Issue of Security Threat
  • Global Indices and Measurement of
    Vulnerability of a State towards such Non-State Actors
  • Law and Order vs. Internal Security

Terrorism Threat to India

  • Changing face of Terrorism
  • Terror Threats Faced by India
  • Broader Framework to Deal with Terrorism

Organized Crime

  • Types of Organized Crime
  • Problems in controlling organized crimes
  • Combating organized crimes
  • Linkage of Terrorism and Organized Crime in India

Linkage between Development and Spread of Extremism

  • What is Naxalism
  • What is the History of Naxal Movement
  • Why naxalism is a biggest threat to internal security?

Insurgency in North-East

  • Introduction
  • Issues & Conflicts
  • Assam Insurgency

Security Challenges in Border Areas

  • Challenges to Border Management
  • Issues Faced in Border Management
  • Community Participation for Border Management

Basics of Cyber Security

  • Basic Definition
  • Types of Cyber Crimes
  • Impact and Steps needed
  • Recent Incident: Ransomware
  • National Cyber Security Policy of India 2013

Cyber Warfare

  • Factors Contributing/Aggravating Rise of Cyber Attack
  • Recent Initiatives for Tackling Cyber Warfare
  • Way Ahead
  • Chinas role in cyber warfare
  • Different spywares

Social Media and Internal Security Threat

  • Regulation of Social Media in India for Internal Security
  • Challenges in Monitoring Social Media

Money Laundering

  • Meaning of Money Laundering
  • Harmful Effects of Money Laundering
  • Steps taken by the Government

Black Money in India

  • Parallel Economy in India
  • Measures taken to curb Black Money?
  • Demonetization for curbing black money
  • Impact of demonetization on black money
  • Criticisms

Security Forces and their Mandate

  • Police Reforms in India
  • Organizational Structure
  • Duties and Responsibilities of the Police
  • Centre’s Role in Policing
  • Traditional Security Challenges
  • Non-Traditional Security Challenges (NTS)
  • Recommendations for Police Reforms
  • Police we Want in 21stCentury            
  • Prison Reforms

Various Security Forces and their Mandate

  • Assam Rifles
  • Border Security Force (BSF)
  • Indo-Tibetan Border Police
  • Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
  • Central Reserve Police Force
  • National Security Guard
  • Issues with Paramilitary Forces

Role of Army in Internal Security

  • Strategic Perspective: Has role of Military become more relevant today?
  • National Context
  • The Indian Army’s Response
    • Structural Adaptation
    • Doctrinal Development
    • Leadership Adaptation
    • Long-term Perspective

Governance Issues Related to Internal Security

  • Threats, Challenges and Vulnerabilities in 21stCentury
  • Introduction
  • China: The Long-term Challenge
  • Managing the China-Pakistan Collusion
  • Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Threat
  • Aerospace Threats
  • Maritime Security
  • Natural Resources
  • Conflict over Water
  • Energy Security
  • Global Warming
  • Indian Diaspora
  • Economic Warfare
  • Role of foreign elements in disturbing internal security

Impact of Governance and Justice Delivery System on Internal Security

  • Importance of Good Governance in Internal Security
  • Reforms Needed
  • Improving E-governance platforms

National Security Mechanism

  • Improving Policing and Intelligence
  • Resolving Centre-State Issues in Managing Internal Security

Issues In Intelligence Services

  • Response Mechanism in India
  • What are the Major INTELLIGENCE Challenges?
  • Steps to tackle the flaws
  • What are the probable measures to improve Intelligence Services in India?
  • How to Create these Capabilities?
  • Recent terrorist attacks an role of intelligence in that context

Strategy for Coastal and Offshore Security

  • Different Facets of Maritime Security
  • Different Reporting Mechanism for Handling Security
  • Importance of Coastal Community Participation

Make in India in Defence

  • Present Scenario
  • Make in India in Defense
  • Government Policy
  • Strategy for Indigenization
    • Skill Development
  • Technology acquisition

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